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Jhansi ki Rani Laxmibai biography essay in hindi

Rani Laxmibai…. Jinhe JHANSI KI RAN ke nam se Jana jata hai…Yah Jhansi ki Rani ki Jeevani hai. Tab ke MARATHA shashitRAJYA JHANSI KI RANI thi. Rani Laxmibai 1857 ke PRATHAM SWTANTRATA SANGRAM ki birangana thi.. Jinhone bahut hi Kam umra (23) me BRITISH SAMRAJYA  se loha liya tha.

Maharani Laxmibai ka pura nam Laxmibai Gangadhar rao hai. In janm 19 November 1828 ko U.P ke Varanasi Jile ke Bhadaini namak Nagar me hua tha…..Inake Pita ka name Shree Moropant Tambe aur Maa ka nam Bhagirathi tha.Rani laxmibai Ghudsawari, Mallvidya,Hathiyar chalane me Nipun thi….inaka Vivah Raja Gangadhar Rao ke sath hua tha..

Jhansi ki Rani ka bachapan ka nam MANIKARNIKA tha… Lekin log Inhe Pyar se Manu kahakar pukarane lage.
Manu ke Mata Pita Maharashtra se Jhansi aye the.Manikarnika jab matra 4 sal ki thi..tabhi unaki Maa ka Dehant ho gaya.Manu ke Pita Moropant tambe Maratha Bajirao ke seva me karyrat the.Manu ki Maa ke Dehant ke bad Manu ki dekhbhal ke liye Ghar me koi nahi tha,to Moropant Manu ko Bajirao ki Sabha me le jane lage.

Waha Chanchal aur Sundar masnu ne sabaka man moh liya Aur log unhe Chabili kahkar bulane lage.San 1842 me manu ka Vivah Maratha Shashit Jhansi ke Raja Gangadhar Rao Newalkar ke sath ho gaya….Aur Manu jhansi ki Rani bani.Vivahoparant Manu ka Nam Laxmibai rakha gaya.

San 1851 me Rani ne ek Putra ko janm diya…lekin wah 4 Mah ki umra me Mar gaya…aur udhar Raja Newalkar ki tabiyat bahot kharab rahane lagi.So unhe Dattak Putra lene ki Salah di gayi.

DATTAK Putra ka nam DAMODAR RAO rakha gaya.21 November !853 ko Raja ki Mrityu ho gayi.
Idhar EAST INDIA COMPANY ki Rajya Hadap Niti Bahot teji se chal rahi thi.Angrejon ne Rani ke Dattak Putra ke Khilaf Adalat me Mukadama kar diya.Mukadame me bahot Jirah hui…Lekin yah mukadama to Mahaj ek dikhava tha…Yun kahe ki Rajya hadap niti ka ek Hissa tha…Mukdama Kharij ho gaya.

East India company ne Rajya ka Khajana japt kar liya aur Raja Karj ko rani ke Salana Kharch me se Katane Huqm suna diya.vuvash hokar Rani ko Jhansi ka Kila chhodkar Ranimahal jana pada.Par Rani nee har nahi mani.

Unhone har hal me Jhansi Rajya ki Raksha karane ka nishchay kiya.Is Rani ki umra matra 18 sal thi….Lekin yah chhoti umra unake sakas ko diga nahi payi aur unhone Sena ko Sangthit karana shuru kar diya….7 March 1854 ko British Government ne eek sarkari Adesh jari kiya ki Jhansi ko British Samrajya me milaya jayeega.Rani ko British Officer एलिस dwara yah adesh milane par unhone ise manabee se mana kar diya.

Unhone do took kah diya ki yah Jhansi meri hai aur mai ise kisi bhi kimat par nahi dungi….Ab Jhansi Vidroh ka kendra vindu ban gaya tha.Rani nr Tamam Anya Rajyo se sampark kiya aur ek Majboot Sena khadi kar d,jisame purushon ke sath sath mahila sainik bhi thi.Jin he bakhubi Prakshin prapt tha.

Iname Sundar Mundar , Kashi bai , Gulam Khan, Lala Bhau Bakshi, Raghunath Singh, Jawahar Singh,  Adi pramukh the.Unaki susjjit Sena mee lagbhag 14000 Sainik they.10 May 1857 me U.P.ke Meerut (Merath) me BHartiy Vidroh arambh hua…. Jisaki vajah Bandukon ki Goliya thi ,jisame Suar Aur Gayon ki Charbi lagi hui thi…Jisase BHartiyon ki bhavnaon ko thes pahunchi.Yah Vidroh pure Bhyarat Varsh me Aag ki tarah phail gaya.

Angreji Hukumat ki Chulrn hilane lagin.British Goverment ko is Vidroh ko Dabane ki jyada jarurat mahsoos hui…Jisake karan Angrejon JHansi ko filhal RAni ke pas hi chhodana munasib samajha.
Is dauran ek Aur ghatana hui…. Jhansi ke Padosi Deshon DAtiya aur Orachha ke Rajaon ne Jhansi pa hamala kar diya aur Rani ko unsae Yuddh karana pada.Isame Rani ki jeet hui.San 1858 me  सर ह्यू राेज ke netritwa me english hukumat ne Jhansi par Hamala kar diya ….Tab Jhansi ki taraf see Tatya Tope ke netritva me ladai ladi gayi,jo lagbhag 14 dino tak chali.Bahut hi bhayanak ladai ladi gayi.Charo taraf cheekh pukar aur  khoon hi khoon…

Akhirkar British Sena kile ki deewar todane me safal rahi aur Nagar par Kabja kar liya.Anngrejon ne pure Rajya mee looypat shuru kar di…Fir bhi Rani ne kisi tarah Apane Dattak Putra ko bachane me kamyab rahi.

Is yuddh ke harane ke bad Rani apane Sahyogiyo ke sath lagatar 102 meel ka safar tay kar Kalapi pahunchi.Unhone waha ke Peshawa se Sharan mangi…Peeshwa ne paristhiti ko samjhate huye na sirf Sharan di balki Sainy bal bhi pradan kiya.22 May 1858 ko   सर ह्यू राेज  ke netritwa me angrej Sena ne Kalpi par hamala kar diya…Tab Rani ne Veerata aur Rananiti ke sath Yuddh kiya aur English sena kjo pichhe hatana pada….Lekin kuchh dino ke bad Angrejon  jyada taqat ke sath Wapas Kalpi par hamala kiya…aur is  bar Rani ki Har hui …Yuddh harane ke bad Rao sahebPeshawa ,Rani Laxmibai, TATYA TOPE Tatha mukhya yoddha Gopalpur me Ikaththa huye.. Rani ne rananitik roop se Mahatwapurn Gwaliyar par kabja karane Ka sujhav diya.. Aur Unhone Gwaliyar Par akraman Kar Waha ke Raja ko Parast karake Gwaliyar par kabja Kar liya Aur Gwaliyar ko Peshawa ko de diya.

17 June 1858 ko  किंग्स रायल आयरिश   ke khilaf yuddh ladate samay Laxmibai ne Gwaliyar ke purv ka morcha sambhala…Is Mahatwapurn ladai me unki sevikaye Purushon ka bhesh banakar yuddh Kar
rahi thi… Ek ke bad ek yuddh ladane ki wajah se Sena kamjor ho gayi thi lekin Sahas me koi kami nahi thi..Yuddh me Rani apane ghode”RAJRATAN” par sawar thi.. Chunki Ghoda naya hone ke karan nahar ko par Nahi Kar pa raha tha.. Rani is sthiti ko jan chuki thi.. Aur veerata se yuddh karati
rahi….yuddh me wah buri Tarah ghayal hokar gir padi.. Chunki wah Purush poshak me thi so angrej sainik unhe Pahchan nahi paye …aur unhe chhod diya… Fir Rani ke vishwashpatra sahyogi yoddhao ne unhe pas ke “GANGADAS MATH” le gaye Aur Rani ko Gangajal Pilaya… Rani ne apani antim
Khwahish me Kaha ki “koi bhi angrej mere Deh ko na chhune paye “
Is prakar Gwaliyar me Rani ne antim sans li…. Isake 3 din bad British government ne Gwaliyar par kabja Kar liya…aur Laxmibai ke pita Moropant ko Girftar Kar ke phansi ki saza di gayi.Yah Jhansi ki Rani ki Biography Kaisi lagi.
           







Samapt…..

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